Dejerine-Sottas

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New article in Journal of Neurology

June 27, 2003

Dejerine-Sottas Neuropathy with Multiple Nerve Roots Enlargement and Hypomyelination Associated with a Missense Mutation of the Transmembrane Domain of MPZ/P0.
Simonati A, Fabrizi G, Taioli F, Polo A, Cerini R, Rizzuto N.
Journal of Neurology 249: 1298-1302, 2002. Reprinted with permission from Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag.
In a patient affected with a slowly progressive, severe form of Dejerine-Sottas syndrome, symmetric enlargement of cranial nerves and focal hypertrophy of cervical and caudal roots were detected following MRI. Neuropathological features of the sural nerve disclosed a dramatic loss of myelinated fibres, with skewed-to-the-left, unimodal distribution of the few residual fibres, consistent with the diagnosis of congenital hypomyelination neuropathy. Genetic analysis revealed this condition to be associated with a heterozygous G to A transition at codon 167 in the exon 4 of the MPZ/P0 gene causing a Gly138Arg substitution in the transmembrane domain of the mature MPZ/P0 protein. Focal enlargement of the nerve trunks in demyelinating, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN) was previously reported in both asymptomatic and symptomatic cases with root compression, but peculiar to this case is the diffuse involvement of both cranial and spinal nerves. We believe that the relevance of nerve trunk hypertrophy in HMSN is probably underevaluated: therefore MRI investigation of the head and spine should be included in the diagnostic study of selected HMSN patients. Molecular analysis of peripheral myelin genes will help to rule out misdiagnosed cases.