Distributed computing is a science which solves a large problem by giving small parts of the problem to many computers to solve, and then combining the solutions for the parts into a solution for the problem. Recent distributed computing projects have been designed to use the computers of hundreds of thousands of volunteers all over the world, via the Internet, to look for extra-terrestrial radio signals, to look for prime numbers so large that they have more than ten million digits, and to find more effective drugs to fight cancer and the AIDS virus. These projects are so large, and require so much computing power to solve, that they would be impossible for any one computer or person to solve in a reasonable amount of time. Distributed computing arrangements permit handling of data that would otherwise require the power of expensive supercomputers or would have been impossible to analyze otherwise.
Distributed computing projects also often involve competition with other distributed systems. This competition may be for prestige, or it may be a means of enticing users to donate processing power to a specific project. For example, stat races are a measure of what the most distributed work a project has been able to compute over the past day or week. This has been found to be so important in practice that virtually all distributed computing projects offer online statistical analyses of their performances, updated at least daily if not in real-time.
In an effort to assist distributed computing projects that may someday have bearing on Charcot-Marie-Tooth and Dejerine-Sottas research, teams were created in applicable projects, each named Team Dejerine.
Team Dejerines have been created for the following projects so far: